Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

PHD - Doctor of Philosophy


Expressive Therapies


In this research study, a sample of normally functioning adults (N = 30) each made a series of small drawings, one each week for 10 weeks. Participants completed two questionnaires about their experiences of making the series. The pre-intervention questionnaire collected demographic information and asked participants to rate their perceived ability to use drawing for self-expression on a Likert scale. The post intervention questionnaire again asked participants to rate their perceived ability to use drawing for self-expression. Results indicated a significant change from pre to post intervention (p = 0.012) in perceived expressive drawing ability. The post intervention questionnaire also collected data about the specific techniques employed. Participants indicated that fun/enjoyment and calming were the most important advantages. The most cited helpful suggestion was that drawing can be used for self-expression. The small size of the drawing cards was rated as the most popular element. Qualitative data supported the idiosyncratic ways that participants used drawing for self-expression. Overall findings provided evidence of the ways that normally functioning adults can be supported to experience and value self-expressive drawing. Within the context of positive psychology this study contributes to research findings about the well being and optimal functioning of participants.



Number of Pages


Included in

Art Therapy Commons




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