Date of Award
MCM - MA Clinical Mental Health Counseling
Treatment strategies for school age children with disorganized attachment are not well established. This population exhibits a range of difficulties in social relationships and self-regulation. Additionally, children with disorganized attachment generally rely on defense mechanisms and present with other comorbid conditions, adding to the complexity of treatment. This paper explores current research and theories about disorganized attachment and then, on the basis of evidence provided throughout this paper, proposes the concept of attunement needs in relation to working with children with disorganized attachment. The attunement needs described in this paper, derived from the literature, include safety/security, control/power, consistency, affective release, and unconditional attachment. This paper describes expressive arts therapy as a treatment option for disorganized attachment, and proposes several considerations for structuring sessions with this population based on attunement needs.
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Paley, Jayne, "How Can the Attunement Needs of Children with Disorganized Attachment Styles Be Supported Through Expressive Arts Therapy?" (2018). Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses. 12.
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