Date of Award

Spring 5-21-2022

Document Type


Degree Name

MA - Master of Arts


Expressive Therapies


Vivien Marcow Speiser


This literature review will analyze the racial disparities in the current Euro-centric expressive therapy modalities and will examine the additional needs to allow for these modalities to facilitate healing within the Black community and recommend adjustments accordingly. When conducting my research and coming up with my research question I came to the conclusion that my proposed question is: What are the racial disparities within the expressive arts due to them being Euro-centric and where are the areas that need adjustments to be culturally competent?

The anti-racist efforts of deconstructing all Euro-centric modalities are crucial for the field of expressive arts therapy to address the healing needs of the Black community in America. In general, there are racial disparities within the American mental health field, not just the expressive arts field, and these disparities effect the Black community significantly. The Euro-centric nature and background of the expressive art modalities need to be adjusted in different cultural settings, particularly to address the racial trauma in the Black community. Particularly why the expressive arts are an appropriate therapeutic modality for the Black community is due to the importance of the arts throughout history of the Black community.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.




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