Date of Award

Spring 5-22-2021

Document Type


Degree Name

MA - Master of Arts


Expressive Therapies


Elizabeth Kellogg, PhD


This thesis explored which mindfulness meditations or mindfulness practices could be beneficial in the online sessions, the extent to which adults with learning and developmental disabilities could learn the practices remotely, and how stress and anxiety disorders could be reduced through online mindfulness interventions. Furthermore, it was also necessary to address the online sessions as the only mental health treatment possibility during the Coronavirus pandemic for the clients observed and the benefits and limitations of these interventions. Additionally, the importance of structure and routine for this population, the multi-modal structure of the interventions, and how attunement plays an important role in bringing spontaneity to the structure are topics that would also be discussed.

The intervention included 25 minutes of body warm-up, 15 minutes of chair yoga or yoga practice, and 10 minutes of meditation, tai chi, or self-massage, followed by a music appreciation activity. As a result of the intervention, clients' stress level and anxiety decreased. Moreover, socializing with their peers showed to be an essential aspect of the group intervention during these unprecedented times. This literature review explores the theoretical underpinnings of this intervention.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.




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