Date of Award

Spring 5-21-2022

Document Type


Degree Name

MA - Master of Arts


Expressive Therapies


Donna C Owens


Bereavement is a topic of clinical counseling that is limited in the education of clinical counselors. This is possibly due to bereavement not being a required course for state licensure or CACREP standards; thus, it stands as a lower priority for colleges/universities to offer a course in this subject. I sought to research new counselors’ perspectives on supporting clients who have experienced bereavement as they may not have had any foundational education on bereavement. Multiple articles have recommended that bereavement should be a prioritized course in master’s level counseling education. As an expressive arts therapy student and counselor in training, I wanted to emphasize a more person-centered expressive therapy approach as each bereavement experience is unique, and that this form of therapy is a nonverbal expression which may be more inviting to clients as sometimes grief is beyond words/talk therapy. This search was conducted through databases to locate articles and utilized resources from community-based bereavement centers and local libraries. Due to grief theories being developed for a longer period of time, the research was published from 1917 to the present. The purpose of this literature review was to provide awareness and recommendations on bereavement, grief, and loss and the incorporation of the expressive therapies for professionals in the counseling field.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.




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