Journal of Pedagogy, Pluralism, and Practice

Article Title

Friendly Persuasion


Robert Hull

Publication Date

Summer 2008


In his essay “Was ist Aufklarung?” (“What is Enlightenment?”) Immanuel Kant argues that a person who depends on others for opinions in moral, political, and religious issues is immersed in a kind of mental childhood. In his mind they failed to recognize the importance of discussion, debate, and disagreement to the development of autonomous human beings. Kant’s dictum, Sapere Aude, urges us to develop our faculties, and thereby fulfill our potential as free, rational creatures, by participating fearlessly in the conversations that shape our lives.



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