Date of Award
PHD - Doctor of Philosophy
Dr. Michele Forinash
Dr. Mitchell Kossak
Dr. Alejandra Ferrer
Little music therapy research has been published on therapeutic presence (TP). This study explored the inclusion of TP in music therapy education. Participants were eight credentialed music therapists who identified as music therapy educators and/or clinical supervisors. They attended one of two focus groups and were asked to submit a 1-minute excerpt of themselves improvising a reflection of their focus group’s discussion. Focus group data revealed four themes: (1) Defining TP; (2) Education and Supervision Responsibilities; (3) TP is Taught Through Experiential Learning; and (4) Learning TP is a Developmental Process. Participants defined TP as simultaneously incorporating both states of being and action. For them, TP was primarily taught in clinical training, including supervision, though is also taught in academic courses through experiential teaching methods. Improvisation data resulted in an original composition, “Therapeutic Presence: Improvisation Collage,” which includes excerpts from all six improvisation recordings. Its elements of tempo, key, dynamics, and instrumentation also reflect the commonalities in the elements among the six improvisations.
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Number of Pages
Eggerding, Elizabeth Jane, "THERAPEUTIC PRESENCE IN MUSIC THERAPY EDUCATION: AN ARTS-BASED PHENOMENOLOGICAL INQUIRY" (2023). Expressive Therapies Dissertations. 129.
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